Periodontal disease (gum disease) is not just a disease of the gums but a disease of gingiva (gums), the alveolar bone that supports the teeth, and the connection of teeth to bone. There are various types of periodontal disease and there are types of periodontal disease that reflects on the state of general health.
Bleeding of the gums on slight provocation, swelling gums, receding gums, loosening of teeth, and a foul taste or odor can all be signs of a type of periodontal disease. Careful examination and x-rays are important to establish a diagnosis. There are both non-surgical and surgical treatments available to treat periodontal problems. The objective is to save the patient’s teeth and give the patient to tools that they need to properly maintain their periodontal health.